For three thousand years of its existence, the Turkish Bodrum has witnessed the heyday and decline of many cultures, survived dozens of wars and earthquakes, on its territory were built ingenious architectural structures and trendy hotels, to its shores moored pirate ships and white yachts. In advertising booklets often write about how “Bodrum (Bodrum) will satisfy all the needs of tourists.” About all you can argue, but the need for high-quality and diverse holiday this city will satisfy like no other — we have tested it on our own experience. Known in ancient times as Halicarnassus (Greek. Halicarnassus) the resort is conveniently located on the Aegean coast in a picturesque Harbor, which was inhabited by people three thousand years ago. The beach town will offer turquoise sea, white sandy beaches and a lot of surface, underwater and near-water entertainment. Night and social life here boils continuously, attracting creative people, businessmen and politicians from all over the world. For those who are interested in history, archeology and other Sciences directly related to antiquity, the homeland of Herodotus and king Mausolus will offer many historical monuments, including one of the seven ancient wonders. Look down on the city of Bodrum without exaggeration is beautiful, from whatever point it may look, but the most impressive landscapes open to those who look at it from a bird’s flight. The city is located in a picturesque Harbor, where hyperactive vegetation occupies all real estate objects, and sea water, as in advertising brochures, and without the help of photoshop stunningly turquoise. Permanent “beachgoers” here were once pirates who hid their ships in the local bays. Historically, in the city it is forbidden to build houses above three floors and paint them in any color except white. Therefore, Bodrum is designed in a single style and on a Sunny day dazzles the eyes: thousands of snow-white buildings scattered along the coast and in some places climbed the green mountains. The rule of three floors applies to hotels, so they prefer to build outside the city limits. We stayed at the Kempinski Hotel Barbaros Bay — a five-star hotel 14 kilometers from Bodrum. The incredible beauty of the Bay, spacious rooms with open verandas, a swimming pool with sea views, a library, Europe’s largest health and beauty Center, excellent cuisine — you can devote more than one week to the study of the hotel. The elegant hotel is furnished with exquisite and expensive furniture, and the rooms are homely. This atmosphere of “simple luxury” bribed not only us. Kempinski Hotel Barbaros Bay is loved by various celebrities and business people from all over the world. The main thing — do not get carried away, because the most interesting is waiting for you in the town, which in ancient times was called Halicarnassus. At the entrance to Bodrum right on the road is an ancient theater, in which tourists are allowed for a small fee. It was built on a high hill in the reign of the Satrap Mausolus (ruled 377-353 BC). Theater consists of three parts: seats for viewers (on 13 thousands of man), ” shovel for the choir and the main the scene. During the last excavations, a tunnel was discovered on the territory of the theater. It has not yet been fully investigated, but scientists believe that it leads to an ancient tomb. Rumor has it that the proximity of the ancient theater to the main road not only prevents enjoy the beauty of the old buildings, but also destructive effect on it. There are two main plans to save the ancient monument of architecture — to take the road away from the ancient theater or make it underground. Despite the fact that the theater is partially destroyed, it can be used almost for its intended purpose — from the top seats for the audience a stunning view of the Bay, the fortress and the city. Another worthy vantage point in Bodrum is the hill on which the old windmills stand. To enjoy plenty of panoramic views from it, get ready to resist the strong wind. Powerful whirlwinds — a familiar phenomenon for local residents and a huge advantage for surfers who come here from all over the world. The streets of new Halicarnassus In the streets of Bodrum are slowly and impressively: holiday, relaxed, sitting in restaurants, stolidly following the tourists stray dogs-the hippie with the “vaccination” earring in the ears, peacocks, proudly walks around the balconies of apartments, and the local kids that are sitting on the cobblestones, hiding the “treasure” into the crack they discovered in the basement of the building. In the old city, the streets are terribly narrow, which sometimes scares visitors, but not local drivers. On a thin strip of asphalt, called “road”, they manage to drive cheerfully towards each other and even Park. For all this car turmoil locals lazily watching from the balconies, hung with Turkish carpets with ornate drawings. For visitors — exotics and natives — trivial domestic procedure, drying of carpets. On one of these streets we quickly tacked on minimusic, alternately lapping the bikers, the pedestrians. Like most motorists, parked at the sidewalk, leaving only a narrow gap on the road, which can squeeze a maximum of one small car. And we went to look at one of the seven wonders of the ancient world — mausoleum of mausoleum (Mausoleum of Halicarnassus). I am a monument to you… And at the same time the Construction of the tomb, as often happened in the ancient world, began during the life of its owner — Satrap Kari (Southeast Asia Minor) Mausolus. It cannot be said that he was famous for his good temper and his subjects worshipped and loved him enough to build him a similar tomb. But the wife of Mausolus, she is a sister, Artemisia simply worshipped him. The chroniclers of the time describe how the newly minted widow of the deceased staged a nice funeral, and ordered him to grind his ashes mixed with spices, and diluted with water. In a fit of unrestrained grief, she drank this drink, so as not to be separated from her lover forever, and thanks to such shocking behavior unintentionally glorified herself for centuries. It is not surprising that such a passion resulted in such a grandiose construction, and, according to some historians, an attempt to wipe the nose of the builders of the Egyptian pyramids. The tomb consisted of four parts: a pedestal with an area of five thousand square meters, a gallery of 36 columns (it kept the sacrifices) and a 24-step pyramidal roof, topped with a marble chariot, in which stood the statues of Mausolus and his wife. The Foundation of the tomb and its levels were decorated with friezes depicting the battle of the Hellenes and Amazons, statues of lions and horsemen. The building reached a height of 55 meters (almost 20-storey building), it was first seen by sailors when approaching the shore. (The enormity of this structure we were able to appreciate already returning home and watching the flow of cars, seemingly tiny from the height of the 14th floor of our office.) The mausoleum stood for fifteen hundred years until it was destroyed by a strong earthquake in the XII century. The remains of the once monumental structure in the XV century Crusader knights used for the construction of St. Peter’s castle, and the Turks — to strengthen the fortress that later arose on the same site. 300 years later, British archaeologists discovered the surviving parts of the mausoleum, among which were 12 marble reliefs and huge statues, according to scientists, depicting the king and Queen. Now all the most valuable findings are stored in the British Museum, and at the site of excavations in Bodrum Museum opened (entrance — about $ 4), in the courtyard of which gaping giant hole and lying debris columns. According to them, as well as fragments of friezes and a small model of the mausoleum, recreated by scientists, we can judge the greatness of the tomb of the mausoleum. The most impressive in the Museum — a piece of frieze depicting a naked male torso, short underground passages (according to one version, before the construction of the mausoleum on this site were more ancient tombs), as well as a giant cactus, which grows near the steps leading to the site. But still the feeling of contact with this once majestic miracle of the ancient world — all-consuming… 10 minutes later we were at the entrance literally “successor” of the mausoleum — the castle of St. Peter. Knight’s castle Twelve marble reliefs from the mausoleum of Mausolus, which are now stored in the British Museum, were excavated by archaeologists not from anywhere, but from the walls of the castle of St. Peter (Castle of St. Peter). This is only a modest fraction of all the parts” borrowed” from the ancient tomb for the construction of the fortress. Its construction began in the XV century, when the knights of the order of St. John of Jerusalem from the island of Rhodes occupied the territory of modern Bodrum. There were plenty of building materials — the remains of the mausoleum’s tomb, which had been destroyed by earthquakes, were nearby. Blocks of green stone from the base of the mausoleum can now be seen in the walls of the castle. Gradually destroying the walls of the tomb, the knights found the burial hall of the king and Queen, full of gold bars, jewelry and expensive fabrics. It is known from the memoirs of one of the robbers that the knights did not have time to take all the gifts with them — they were summoned to the castle by the ringing of the bell. The next day they returned to the tomb, but the treasure was no longer there — their abduction was attributed to the pirates, who scurried with impunity off the coast of ancient Bodrum. After many years, the knights continued to take care of the fate of St. Peter’s castle. English, German and French orders financed its restoration, now the towers bear the names of these countries and are decorated in the appropriate style. English, for example, is richly decorated with flags, standards and weapons. Directly above the reception in the far corner hangs a lion’s bared head, from under it looks out the top of the caretaker, who is busy with her own Affairs and at the same time keeps order in the tower.