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If I were Sultan…

Today, the hero of our article — the Sultan, who built the largest mosque in Istanbul, was married to a Ukrainian woman and earned the nickname Magnificent. Don’t switch! Power and glory the Reign of Sultan Suleiman the First (1520-1566) — the heyday of Turkish culture. The Lord knew Persian and Arabic literature thoroughly, wrote poetry, took care of artists, poets, scientists and philosophers. In addition, he was interested in mathematics, astronomy, military and Maritime Affairs. During the 46 years of his reign, the High Port (the so-called government residence in the Ottoman Empire) undertook 22 conquests and punitive campaigns, thirteen of which Suleiman led personally. For the systematization of the “eves”-laws called him Kanuni — the Lawgiver. For erudition and wisdom on the Board — Gorgeous. But he shocked his contemporaries not so much by his actions as by the strength and diversity of his personality. Intelligence in it combined with cunning, justice in the conduct of public Affairs — with inhumanity. They say that behind a brilliant man there is always a clever woman. In the case of Suleiman, this is indeed the case. Red beast In one of the summer days in 1522, the young Anastasia, the daughter of the priest Gavrila Lisovsky, walking with friends in the woods near Rogatin — a small Western town, fell into the hands of robbers-ludolovs. In the XVI century, The Commonwealth was often raided by the Crimean Tatars, who not only plundered settlements, but also took people to sell them into slavery to the East. Anastasia was no more than fifteen, and, according to legend, she was going to get married. First, an unusually beautiful prisoner was taken to the Crimea, and then transported to Istanbul in the hope of profitable sale. On the first day, when the Horde brought the girl to the market, she noticed the vizier of Sultan Suleiman — Rustam Pasha. The Turk, struck by appearance of the Ukrainian in which veins, apparently, the Polish blood flowed also, decided to buy the girl for the mister. Having heard about it, sharp-witted krymchak simply presented it to Rustam-Pasha. The ordynets sought the favor of the authorities, which eventually played a crucial role for Anastasia — a slave bought for money could never become the legitimate wife of the Sultan. Doctors examined Anastasia for health and virginity, after which the girl was taken to Topkapi, or House of Joy — the so-called harem of the Sultan. A devout Muslim could have up to four wives. Sultan was no exception. The throne was succeeded by the first-born of the first wife, and the other sons waited for a sad fate. Thus society tried to avoid disagreements and power struggles. In addition to legal wives, the Sultan had a harem of concubines. The number of beautiful girls ranged from hundreds to thousands. Concubines guarded a staff of eunuchs-castrates, also in the harem lived numerous maids, midwives, masseuses, healers. Led the House of mirth the chief eunuch, or kizlaragasi. The Sultan’s concubines, like the Japanese geishas, were taught music, dance, poetry, and the science of pleasing the Sultan. The latter — theoretically, of course. Before handing the young Sultan a gift, Rustam Pasha gave Anastasia a new name — Roksolana. So in ancient times called Sarmatian tribes that roamed the steppes between the Dnieper and the Don in the II-IV centuries. They were considered the ancestors of the Slavs. Big scope Once in the Palace, Roxolana decided to be sure to become the legal wife of Suleiman. You can imagine how grandiose plan nurtured Ukrainian, because the young loving Sultan had several thousand concubines. But the girl quickly mastered the Ottoman language and used all his cunning. Roksolana for a sharp tongue and loud laughter called Hürrem laughing. This attracted the attention of the Sultan. When Roksolana appeared in the harem, Suleiman was 30 years old. He already had the elder’s wife, the beautiful Circassian, and Gulbahar, and of the son and the heir of Mustafa. But seeing Roxolana laughing, the Sultan fell in love with her without memory. Very soon the red-haired girl became his favorite. In the people there were rumors that the Slav is a witch who drugged the Sultan with some potion. One of the European envoys wrote: “He loves it, and so faithful to her that everything is just amazed and insist that it fascinated, for which her name not only as jade, or a witch. For this reason, the military and the judges hate her and her children, but seeing the Sultan’s love for her, they do not dare to murmur. I myself have heard her and her children cursed, but the first wife and her children speak kindly.” Meanwhile, gulbakhar immediately felt a dangerous rival in Roxolan. One day they got into a fight and the senior wife of the Sultan Roksolana scratched face. She locked herself in her room and refused to go to the Sultan, risking her life for disobedience. She demanded that the Sultan declare her lawful wife, and knew what he was doing. After all, Suleiman loved her immensely. Four years after the birth of her son, 19-year-old Roxolana became the legal wife of the Sultan. How did she conquer him? He found in her what was not in the other inhabitants of the harem — lazy and simple-minded. Roksolana was smart, appreciated art (they corresponded with poems) and was interested in public Affairs. Seki, Haseki Becoming a Sultana, in the absence of Suleiman Roksolana led Affairs of state and preparing to make one of their already four sons heir. And for this it was necessary to get rid of the son of the first wife of the Sultan. It was not difficult, because it was for the Sultan “Haseki”, which means “sweet heart”. Suleiman appointed the eldest son Mustafa as ruler of the far region and sent him with Gulbahar away from the New Palace. Then a romantic and beautiful love story turns into a bloody Thriller in the spirit of the middle Ages, when people killed those that stood in their way, in the most ruthless way. The story tells us how gradually Roxolana removed all who prevented her, including Mustafa — the noble heir of the Sultan. And did it with the hands of the Sultan. They say she planted her husband a fake letter in which Mustafa allegedly asked the Persian Sheikh for support in the coup. Suleiman believed Roxolana — he was blinded by love. The best mosque Anyway, thanks to Roksolana in Istanbul there was one of the most beautiful sights of the city — Suleymaniye mosque. This largest mosque in the country can accommodate up to 10 thousand people at a time. During the construction of its walls and the dome laid hollow resonating pitchers, making the building has excellent acoustics — the voice of the speaker is heard in its most remote corners. It all started with the fact that the Sultan wanted to build a Palace for his Roxolana. She was wary, because it meant moving away from her husband and from the center of power, and offered him to build a mosque named after himself. Seven years later, the mosque became an ornament of the capital, and the main wife continued to live quietly in the Sultan’s Palace. Suleymaniye Jami was so inspired by the Sultan what he did at the mosque education center. Around the perimeter it was surrounded by four madrasahs, a free dining room for students and pilgrims, a library, a hospital, an Inn and baths — an unprecedented for the XVI century complex of institutions. To maintain it, Suleiman ordered to create a special Fund to which he transferred part of his possessions. Love to the grave Today to the mosque is adjacent to the cemetery. Among the stones stands the octagonal tomb of the Sultan, who died in 1566 at the age of 71 from a heart attack during a military campaign in Hungary. Nearby is a smaller tomb Dating back to 1558. Here lies Sultana Hürrem, she Roksolana. She did not wait for the ascension of her youngest son Selim to the throne. And not learned about how, that rules he, a drunkard and a reveler, brief, and died ingloriously. Nor did she see the death of her other two sons (her firstborn died as a child) in the struggle for power. We can say that Roksolana was lucky in life and in death, because, despite all her machinations, she loved the best Sultan of the Ottoman Empire, Suleiman the Magnificent.

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