Tales of cotton fortress
Century after century the nature conjured and by means of the mineral salts and lime contained in the sources flowing down from mountains created this miracle – Lacy cascades. Pamukkale, which means “cotton fortress” in Turkish, is an invaluable gift that heals the soul with its beauty and heals the body with healing properties. This place is written by scientists,chemists and historians, physicians and travelers. There are legends about him: sometimes true and proven by science, sometimes unconfirmed by it, but loved by people who believe in fairy tales and miracles. Many of them are embellished and exaggerated, but no less interesting! SCIENTIFIC WERE Living water karahayit Hot spring, one of the branches of the thermal springs system of these places, located 5 km North of Pamukkale. Its waters help against atherosclerosis, high blood pressure, rheumatism, sciatic nerve inflammation, lumbago, heart disease, as well as skin diseases such as scabies, rashes and dermatitis. Most of the hot thermal springs of Pamukkale are located on the territory of the ancient city of Hierapolis, where from all the surrounding lands came to heal statesmen and rich people of the ancient period. The healing properties of the local thermal waters were discovered in ancient times, and special baths-baths were built near the springs. Also near the springs, which were considered a gift of the Gods, religious services were held and holidays were celebrated. City dedicated to the Queen of the Amazons Historical data on the origin of the city of Hierapolis is very small. It is only known that it was founded by king Attalus II of Bergama in the early II century BC, and the name was given on behalf of the Queen of the Amazons Hiera, wife of the legendary founder of Bergama – Telefos. In 60 ad, during the reign of the Roman Emperor Nero, an unusually strong earthquake occurred in the vicinity, which destroyed the ancient city beyond recognition. It was completely rebuilt, but soon there was a whole series of earthquakes, because of which it eventually completely lost its identity. Historically significant Hieropolis became due to the fact that after the IV century ad. was the center of Christianity, and in the 80s ad here was killed by one of the first followers of Christ Saint Philip. FOLK TALES Prequel “Not born beautiful” the Action takes place in Pamukkale many years ago. In the old days on the mountainside Cokelez lived a very poor woodcutter family and this family had a daughter – the ugly, terrible. The girl was so ugly that the fact to marry her parents did not even dream. And then one day, as the legend says, the poor thing, walking alone on the surrounding rocks, fell off a cliff into a crevice. At the bottom of the gorge quite by accident was a thermal lake. Was lying to myself there’s a girl in the mud unconscious, acting, two lay I… a miracle happened! The magical healing waters of the spring turned her into an extraordinary beauty. And then, as in fairy tales, a handsome Prince, the son of Governor Denizli, passed by this lake and saw a beautiful girl lying unconscious in the water. Taking the opportunity, the young man grabbed the beauty in his arms and brought her to his home. And when she regained consciousness, they fell in love, got married and lived happily ever after. Since then, all the “horror stories” of Turkey and the surrounding area come to Pamukkale in the hope of a miracle… Fossilized beauty Near the source of Karahayit is a bizarre stone, resembling a rider on a horse. Once in the old days a girl of unearthly beauty fell in love with a simple shepherd, and they got engaged. But – unfortunately for the beauty – the son of a rich man laid eyes on her. One day the girl, going to her lover, saw that she was being chased by this guy. She drove the horse at full speed, but the pursuer kept coming, and then the girl in despair begged the sky, begging to save her from shame. Frightened she cried: “Lord, make me a stone, but don’t give it to him.” And God “took pity” on her – together with an innocent horse turned to stone. Strange, but local girls find this story romantic and, moreover, come to the stone in order to turn to God with their dreams in the hope that they will come true. They say these wishes sometimes come true… The cunning priests in the Hole of the Jinn In the ruins of ancient Hierapolis, under one of the towers, called the tower of Apollo, there is a cave hole of the Jinn. This cave is not easy. If a bird flies into it, it falls dead. Wild beast wanders – never again comes to light white. In ancient times, local priests, who served the ancient Greek gods, showed miracles to people, created by the will and power of their patron gods. They, accompanied by sacrificial animals, entered the cave and passed through it (a miracle!), came out unharmed, while the animals remained there forever… A miracle? Mystique? Not at all. The whole mystery is that the cave accumulates carbon dioxide of high concentration, which seeps into it through the cracks formed after multiple earthquakes. It is he who kills all living things that fall into the Hole of the Jinn. But the priests – these cunning beasts – miraculously figured out the places where there were “pockets” of oxygen, and holding their breath in dangerous areas, replenished oxygen supplies in safe. And if there was Cleopatra? Guides in Pamukkale often talk about what it was here came the famous Egyptian Queen Cleopatra in order to soak up the local thermal baths. So it or not, science is unknown. There is no reliable confirmation of these historical tales. But not far from Pamukkale there’s a “Pool of Cleopatra” — hot mineral springs, rich in calcium and has anti-aging properties.