Mountain Turkey. The trail of the ark
The phrase from the song "only mountains can be Better than mountains" in Turkey acquires a special sound, since about 2/3 of the territory of this country is mountainous. Mountains…

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judi domino online
In the hot homeland of Santa Claus
Resting in December in Turkey, a beach holiday for me faded into the background. No, no, the sea was just what we need - +19°C, and the sun shone tenderly.…

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Sketches from Istanbul
This city at the crossroads of Europe and Asia became the cultural capital of Europe 2010. So now every self-respecting traveler would have to go to Istanbul the Heart of…

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Milk coast
Going for miracles in distant countries, we often forget that they are very close to us. One of these unique places called Pamukkale is in Turkey. Arriving there, tourists get…

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Cradle of civilization

Turkey is the heir of the great ancient peoples: the Amazons, the Lycians, Byzantines. States appeared and developed on its territory, great cities were built and Christianity was born. The glorious past left traces on the Turkish lands in the form of ancient settlements and temples pardoned by time, which are now open to tourists and pilgrims. I was lucky to visit five amazing ancient cities of Turkey, which I want to tell you about.

Ephesus
Rustling under the feet of small stones, splinter of large stones. They laid out a Port Avenue of the ancient city of Ephesus, on the coast of the Aegean sea. Previously, this Avenue reached a length of 530 meters. Today from it there were cobblestones mixed with sand, in some places overgrown with grass. It is a pity that until our time has not survived a wide marble road in the center of the Avenue… Seeing the remains of bas-reliefs in the grass, I decide to get closer and see what’s left to us from the great Byzantines, cling to the rest of the column and complete the peak, hugging the next surviving neighbor. The columns were stronger, but they were a little cracked, with fallen off parts, which, thanks to some rare luck, no one took away. Back in 395-408 they were built on both sides of the ancient Port Avenue. I stand in its center and look around: before everything was decorated with sculptures and at night was illuminated by lamps.

My tour moves on, I try not to lag behind, although I really want to wander through these ruins, not listening to the words of the guide … “In the III century ad the heyday of Ephesus came to an end. Religious, cultural and administrative buildings that have survived to our time, were built during the active development of the city, but the temple of Artemis in Ephesus was godlessly destroyed by the Goths”… A pity. After all, even what’s left of it, causes awe. There is an opinion that the temple of Artemis was built by militant Amazons. He was one of the wonders of the ancient world. Just imagine 425 steps in length, 220 in width, 60 in height, and 150 (!) columns in ionic style. After the destruction of the temple, most of the marble columns were transported to Istanbul and used for the construction of the Hagia Sophia. Until our time from this miracle came a little. But from the Avenue marble bas-reliefs of the rarest skill are looked through. If you come closer, you find yourself in the courtyard of the bath, surrounded by columns. On both sides of the entrance there are ditches decorated with bull heads and parallel flower rows. Warm (tepidarium) and hot (caldarium) parts of the bath during excavations have not been found. I get out of the baths, catch up with the tour at the entrance to the Bolshoi theater. It is located at the very beginning of the Port Avenue. The building of the theater was three-storied, with columns and graceful relief drawings. Ahead – the library of Celsus (Celsius). The entrance to it begins with 9 steps. Both floors of the facade are preserved. I raise my head and read the inscriptions above the statues… to no avail: I still can not understand anything. The four statues in the niches symbolize Virtue, Justice and something else, but this is unfortunately difficult to determine since the two remaining heads do not have…

From the library we go to the Marble Avenue. He is considered the main in Ephesus. There was even a sewer. The length of the Avenue is four kilometers, on the left side there are 8-meter columns with the rarest frieze on marble. With pointers before, too, did not bother. On a piece of marble, which is lined with Marble Avenue, shows the footprint of the foot – a sign of a brothel, an institution built in honor of the goddess Venus. Nearby are the baths Scholastikia, in the old days here out of the ground hot spring flowed. The second floor of the building is now in ruins, but serious restoration work has already been carried out. There could be hundreds of visitors at the same time. The baths are under the supervision of a statue of Scholastikia – built it once “business lady”. In Ephesus I saw a lot and just fell in love with this ancient city… one of the largest and best preserved cities in Turkey – the heiress of the great Byzantium…

Phaselis
It is assumed that Phaselis, located near Kemer, was built by the Dorians in 690 BC. Alexander the Great, who visited these places, fell in love with Thessaly and stayed here for the winter, using the city as a marine Arsenal. I would stay. A beautiful ancient city in a pine grove, with three ports, beaches, a market square, a theater, aqueducts, temples, a theater for three thousand seats with five entrances and a two-story stage building, a trading Agora Damitan. One of the most interesting places is the aqueduct, which provided water supply to the city. And the square, the temple of Athens, Hadrian’s gate leading to the southern estuary, and the road starting from the estuary. It is lined with stones and framed by rows of shops and administrative buildings. I walked through these buildings, wandering from room to room, passing under the arches, down the steps, looking through the Windows at the fluffy pine trees. The amphitheatre offers a magnificent view of the mountains. Coming out of the amphitheater, got on the road to the estuary, admired the blue sea. The city walls around the Acropolis extend to the estuary, and the tops of the towers look into the sea, as if admiring its age-old beauty. Nearby – the extraordinary beauty of the Bay, which usually bring tourists on yachts, and then on small motor boats they are delivered to the shore. The water in the sea is azure-azure and absolutely transparent, probably because the bottom is not sandy, but… stone, covered with pieces of bas-reliefs, columns and frescoes. They have long moved under the water and become homes for sea urchins. In these houses grass sprouts from the floor, and on the high parts of the buildings birds build nests… Life is in full swing. This ancient city is still inhabited.

Demre.
We are on the Antalya coast in Demre. The modern city stands on the ancient city, and it is noticeable immediately. For this reason, local residents have constant problems with the police and local authorities, as any work on the land, even their own, require special permission. And all because under the feet here lies an ancient cultural layer, and any land works are archaeological excavations. The Church of St. Nicholas at the time of its existence was markedly left in the ground. Over him stretched a huge tent, which is designed to protect it from rain. Initially, the temple was not Christian – before it was a pagan temple of Artemis, which gives the presence of carved capitals of columns and balustrades. These columns have been standing for more than two thousand years. The niches preserved frescoes of St. Nicholas and other saints. The main hall is large and spacious, it smells of grandeur and antiquity. It seems that if you stand here long enough, you will understand something important, inaccessible in the usual daily bustle. The plates are very worn, in some places preserved fragments of ancient colored mosaics. In the right limit is the sarcophagus in which the relics of St. Nicholas. They were taken to the Vatican, but the sarcophagus remained. Marble with intricate carvings have yellowed with age, the top cover was a picture of the Saint in full length, but, unfortunately, survived only a few fragments of apparel. In this place, even the most noisy tourists subside or go to whisper. Everyone has their own reasons for this, but the heart of the temple beats here…
World
The city of the sun… That is how the ancient Lycians called the World – a city on the modern Antalya coast of the Mediterranean sea. The most amazing part of it is the Lycian rock tombs: a whole complex of ancient tombs scattered along the steep slope of the mountain, which are more than two thousand years old. Every tomb on the external side finished with a very ornate and fancy. In the rock the stonecutters cut down stone porticos, very similar to the ancient Roman ones, magnificently decorated them with bas-reliefs and carvings. Often the bas-reliefs could easily determine the type of activity of the deceased. The higher the burial, the richer the person was during life. Nearby, as if leaning on the mountain, there is a beautiful amphitheater for three thousand seats. When you get here, in the mountains, where there are no roads, highways, big cities, crowds of people and other joys of civilization, you feel absolute peace and tranquility. You can sit for hours on time-worn stones and try to guess how much this amphitheater has seen in just its two thousand. You can lie down on the sun-warmed stone seats and look at the perfectly clear sky, and there will be silence until one of the tourists will not come up to check the acoustics of the theater. But even this is difficult to break the atmosphere that reigns in the city of the sun…

Cappadocia: the autumn meeting
UNEXPECTED — NEAR The expanses of Asia Minor, where stretches modern Turkey, concentrated a good half of the heritage of Ancient Greece, not to mention the fact that its land…

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Antalya miracle travel
If the rest in Antalya you associate only with the beach, then consider that you are behind... about 100 years. And, perhaps, for the whole Millennium! After all, in the…

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Revived myth
The trip to Troy is remarkable in that it will inevitably remind of itself in all the most famous museums of the world. In the "Prado" in Madrid, where the…

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Great wonders of a small house
When you climb the seven-kilometer mountain serpentine Nightingale mountain, not far from Ephesus in Turkey, this bustling ancient city and with it all the everyday problems remain somewhere far below.…

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